Subtropical subdivisions : toward a lot-rating methodology for subtropical climates

Ambrose, Michael and Miller, Anne and O'Hare, Daniel (2006) Subtropical subdivisions : toward a lot-rating methodology for subtropical climates. [Conference Paper]

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What role can climatically appropriate subdivision design play in decreasing the use of energy required to cool premises by maximising access to natural ventilation? How can this design be achieved? The subdivision design stage is critical to urban and suburban sustainability outcomes, as significant changes after development are constrained by the configuration of the subdivision, and then by the construction of the dwellings. Existing Australian lot rating methodologies for energy efficiency, such as that by the Sustainable Energy Development Authority (SEDA), focus on reducing heating needs by increasing solar access, a key need in Australia’s temperate zone. A recent CRC CI project, Sustainable Subdivisions: Energy (Miller and Ambrose 2005) examined these guidelines to see if they could be adapted for use in subtropical South East Queensland (SEQ). Correlating the lot ratings with dwelling ratings, the project found that the SEDA guidelines would need to be modified for use to make allowance for natural ventilation. In SEQ, solar access for heating is less important than access to natural ventilation, and there is a need to reduce energy used to cool dwellings. In Queensland, the incidence of residential air-conditioning was predicted to reach 50 per cent by the end of 2005 (Mickel 2004). The CRC-CI, Sustainable Subdivisions: Ventilation Project (CRC-CI, in progress), aims to verify and quantify the role natural ventilation has in cooling residences in subtropical climates and develop a lot rating methodology for SEQ. This paper reviews results from an industry workshop that explored the current attitudes and methodologies used by a range of professionals involved in subdivision design and development in SEQ. Analysis of the workshop reveals that a key challenge for sustainability is that land development in subtropical SEQ is commonly a separate process from house design and siting. Finally, the paper highlights some of the issues that regulators and industry face in adopting a lot rating methodology for subdivisions offering improved ventilation access, including continuing disagreement between professionals over the desirability of rating tools.

Additional Information

Item Type: Conference Paper
Collection: CRC for Construction Innovation
Keywords: Subdivision, Subtropical Design, Sustainable Development, Lot, Lot-Rating, Methodology, Ventilation, Energy-Efficiency; CRC for Construction Innovation; Program B : Sustainable Built Assets; Project 2002-077-B : Sustainable Subdivisions: Ventilation
Date Deposited: 11 Mar 2014 03:15
Last Modified: 11 Mar 2014 03:20
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2006 Icon.Net Pty Ltd
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